I have heard from several people talking about the TS111 that it isn't a true Push Rod Engine, but rather was a Dual Overhead Cam Engine and that the Push Rod Tubes were "Just for Show" like the Head Covers. I was pretty sure when I bought the bike that it was a Push Rod Engine AND that the Push Rod Tubes really did enclose actual Push Rods. However, I had never seen a Diagram or a Cutaway of the Engine, so I didn't know for sure. I had the Stage 2 Cams installed and although I didn't ask the mechanic about the Push Rods, the location of the Cams told me that in No Way was this an Overhead Cam Engine. So in my mind the Push Rod Tubes Did truly enclose working Push Rods. Later on, at a Bike gathering at an Indian Dealership, I was again told that the Push Rod Tubes were Just for Show. And this time an Indian Salesman even chimed in, agreeing with the other party that the TS111 was Indeed an Overhead Cam Engine. This seemed all wrong to me, but I didn't want to argue or make a scene, so I let it slide. Well, I have done a little research, silly as it may seem to those of you in the know, and found a couple photos of a Cutaway TS111. The photo shows that the TS111 is Indeed a Push Rod Engine and the Push Rod Tubes do house actual working push rods. My mind is now at ease and I can comfortably tell people that it Is in Fact a Push Rod Engine.